Instructional Formats

The Instructional Formats are the intellectual property of Marilyn Friend and Lynne Cook.

Please click on the images to view videos.

We give our special thanks to Lisa Breeling, Emily Hill, Tamara Schonauer and their students at Cooper Elementary for letting us film them!

One teacher has the primary responsibility for teaching the content while the other teacher circulates throughout the room providing additional student support as needed.   


One teacher has the primary responsibility for teaching the content while the other teacher observes student learning and collects data for a very specific purpose. 


The class is divided into two groups and each teacher is responsible for providing content to one of the groups.  The content may be presented in different ways for differentiation but all students leave the group with the same learning. Teachers must be able to see each other but students should be faced away from the other group.


The teachers divide the content and the students into two or more groups. Each presents content to one group and repeats the content for the other groups as they rotate through each station. If appropriate, an independent station may be added.


Both teachers are delivering the content at the same time, often using two different styles of instruction. One teacher might be explaining the content while the other is modeling what is being said.


One teacher instructs the whole group while the other teacher instructs a small group using specialized instruction for review, remediation, extension, pre-teaching, or to help students catch up on missing work. Small group work should be for a very short period of time.